|Sanderson Regular hand & stand 5 x 4" plate camera c1902|
Sanderson cameras were designed by F. H. Sanderson, his camera incorporated
improvements allowing architectural photography to be undertaken without
distortion and the first arrived in 1895-6, see advert below. The heart
of all Sanderson cameras are the four lensboard support struts which
allow the lens to be moved off and about its axis to correct undesirable
perspective effects in the image. The principle one being lens rise. Other than this the camera follows conventional
practice. Production was entrusted to specialist camera makers, notably
Houghtons. These early models were intended for tripod use only, which
is understandable as the image has
to be inspected carefully on the ground glass screen to get the full
benefit of the lens movements. In 1899 a 'hand and stand' version was
introduced and the strut design was refined in 1902 to become the definitive
version, with sprung pins that allow the lensboard to tilt. A further
two sprung pins mounted on the lensboard itself disengage to allow the
lensboard to swing. Re-engaging is simple and the camera can be set to
the neutral positions easily, without the need to inspect the image, essential
in a hand camera, and the reason for the inclusion of these design elements.
These types of camera were often owned by professionals who saw them more as tools of the trade, subsequently modifying them as better lenses and shutters became available. It is not unusual to find that the focus scales have been deleted or moved and the original shutter long gone. This example is no exception and has been restored using an appropriate Unicum shutter and other parts from a long dead example. At some time in the past it was modified to have a rear focus rack fitted, to allow fine focus of short focal length lenses, this has been retained as it has been well done, perhaps even by Houghtons, though it is definitely not from new.
Shutter, Bausch and Lombe Unicum, speeds T, B, 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 & 100th
Lens, Dalmeyer Rapid Rectilinear, F/8
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